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Hepatitis : types, symptoms and treatment

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It is one of the diseases that affect the liver, and it occurs as a result of a viral infection. A large number of people are infected with this disease.

Hepatitis : types, symptoms and treatment
Hepatitis : types, symptoms and treatment


There are five types of hepatitis C, but the most common types among people are A, B, and C, as the symptoms are similar between them, but the treatment varies from one type to another.


Types of hepatitis:

hepatitis A

This type usually does not cause transmission between people, and does not lead to complications, Symptoms begin to appear after two to six weeks, usually the infected person recovers within about two months, and preventive measures can be taken through the vaccine.


Infection with it occurs after consuming foods and drinks that contain hepatitis A virus, especially if they are not washed well with water, because they are contaminated with the feces of an infected person.


Also, you can get this virus if you have a child and when you change a diaper for him and do not wash your hands after that, then the virus will reach you, Another way of transmission is the practice of marital relations with the infected partner.


Symptoms of hepatitis A

  • Fever.
  • Nausea and extreme tiredness.
  • pain in the joints.
  • dark urine
  • Clay-coloured stools.
  • Yellowing of the skin or jaundice.


Hepatitis A treatment

There is no cure for viral hepatitis A, as it goes away on its own within two months.


Hepatitis B

Some people with this disease recover within 6 months, Despite this, the infection remains with others for life, which may lead to complications and cirrhosis.

You will transmit the disease to others immediately after infection, even before you show symptoms, but if you take the vaccine, you will not be infected with it.


Modes of transmission of hepatitis B

One of the common questions about this disease is (Is hepatitis contagious?) The answer is yes; This is due to the fact that this type of inflammation lives in the fluids in the body, It is transmitted in the following cases:


  • When having a physical relationship, by being present in the semen.
  • If the injured person's tools are used, such as a razor and toothbrush, due to the presence of blood in these tools.
  • Use of previously used needles for illegal drugs.
  • Touching sores or wounds of an infected person.
  • If the infected person is pregnant, the virus is transmitted to the fetus, and upon birth, treatment begins 12 hours after birth.


Symptoms of hepatitis B

  • Symptoms of this type are the same as those of hepatitis A, such as:


  • jaundice.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • abdominal pain.
  • Fever.
  • dark colored urine.
  • black stools.


  • Symptoms begin to appear 3 months after infection.
  • Sometimes the symptoms are mild and only last a few weeks and then go away.
  • There is a percentage of infected people who remain with symptoms and the virus for the long term, and cause them other liver problems.


Hepatitis B virus treatment

There are many medications and antibiotics that treat hepatitis B, such as:


  • interferon.
  • tenofovir (Viride).
  • Entecavir (Baracloud).


Hepatitis C

A large percentage of infected people do not feel any symptoms, while the other group begins to develop symptoms after infection within 6 to 9 months.


The largest number of them remain infected for life and are likely to develop cirrhosis of the liver, which is scars and openings for which a vaccine is not available.


This virus spreads through direct contact with contaminated blood and plasma, as well as from an infected mother to the fetus.


An infected person can infect many people even before they feel any symptoms.


symptoms:

  • Fever.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • jaundice
  • Dark urine.
  • Clay-coloured stools.
  • Anorexia.
  • vomiting.


treatment:

  • Treatment is a combination of antiviral drugs together.
  • About 90% of patients begin to recover within 8 to 12 months.
  • In some cases, the person with this infection, which results in cirrhosis or other diseases, needs a liver transplant.

Hepatitis D

It is a dangerous disease that spreads in places that lack a health system. It is caught as a result of contact with contaminated blood. Its symptoms are the same as those previously mentioned.


Treatment:

There are no specific drugs to treat this inflammation, but some improvement may appear in only 30% of people with it after taking interferon alpha.


Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is spread in areas with poor sanitation, as it is infected as a result of drinking water contaminated with feces. Cases of infection have been recorded in the Middle East, Africa and Central America.


It usually heals automatically with the passage of time without the need to take over the counter medications, but the patient is given some treatment tips at home, which are:


  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Take plenty of rest and sleep, and avoid hard work and fatigue.
  • Eat foods rich in nutrients necessary to strengthen the body.
  • Completely avoid drinking alcohol.
  • As for pregnant women infected with it, it is monitored closely and continuously.

What is the most dangerous liver virus?

The first three types of hepatitis are chronic and acute, but they can be overcome in a large proportion, As for hepatitis E, it may be dangerous, especially for pregnant women, so it is necessary to follow up with the doctor continuously to receive advice and the appropriate treatment plan.





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