أخبار ساخنة

Heart disease: types, symptoms and treatment methods


Heart disease

The heart is a muscle that transports blood, oxygen and food throughout the body. It plays the most important role in human life.

Heart disease: types, symptoms and treatment methods
Heart disease: types, symptoms and treatment methods

He may suffer from some disorders and convulsions that cause damage to the body as a whole or one of its organs, resulting in heart disease, There are many of them, and each of them has its own symptoms and treatments that vary according to the case, and we will discuss some of them in this article:

1- Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary heart disease is one of the most common diseases that affect the heart, which is a blockage or atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which leads to preventing the adequate amount of blood from getting through, And oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle and surrounding tissues, the coronary arteries are responsible for this process and this may lead to chest pain (angina pectoris) or a heart attack.


Coronary heart disease symptoms often do not appear until the last stages of the disease, and they are:

  •  Angina pectoris is severe chest pain.
  •  A heart attack.
  •  Fainting.
  •  Lack of motor activity.
  •  People with diabetes.
  • Obesity.
  • Medical history (this means that someone in the family has this disease, so the genes are responsible for that disease).

Treatment or prevention:

The treatment is determined according to the case based on the causes and this is determined by the specialist doctor and the types of treatments.

  • Quit Smoking.
  • Playing sports.
  • Medicines.
  • Angioplasty: balloons and stents are used to treat narrowed heart arteries.
  • In critical cases, surgical procedures are used.

2- Arrhythmia disease

It is an irregular heartbeat that occurs when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not work properly. As a result, the pulse may be too fast, too slow, or irregular.


The symptoms of this disease are similar to other health causes, so it is difficult to determine if some of the symptoms are a result of this disease:

  • Chest flutter.
  • Rapid heartbeat.
  • Slow heart rate.
  • Chest pain.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Worry.
  • Fatigue.
  • Dizziness or dizziness.
  • Sweating. 
  • Faintin.


The normal heart rate is from 60 to 100 beats per minute, but in the case of people with arrhythmia, the heart rate is either more or less than the normal rate and this depends on several factors, including:

  • The current heart attack or the effect of a previous heart attack.
  • blockage of the arteries of the heart (coronary artery disease).
  • Congenital heart muscle defects.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • High blood pressure.
  • infection with covid-19 virus
  • Hyperthyroidism.
  • Interruption of breathing during sleep.
  • Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism).
  • Some medicines, including cold and allergy medicines, that are bought without a prescription.
  • Drink a lot of alcohol or caffeine.
  • Drug abuse.
  • Medical history (this means that someone in the family has this disease, so genes are responsible for that disease).
  • Smoking.
  • Stress or anxiety.

Treatment or prevention:

Some lifestyle changes may help reduce the risk of heart disease in general and this disease in particular, including:

  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Doing sports.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Limit or avoid caffeine and alcohol.
  • Reducing stress, as extreme stress and anger can cause problems in regulating the heartbeat.
  • Use medicines according to the instructions and with the advice of a specialist doctor.

3- dilation of the heart muscle

It is a dilated cardiomyopathy that causes the ventricles to thin, dilate and increase in size and usually begins in the left ventricle. Dilated cardiomyopathy makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body.


Some people with dilated cardiomyopathy have no symptoms in the early stages of the disease.

Symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Decreased ability to exercise
  • Swelling (edema) in the legs, feet, or abdomen.
  • Chest pain or discomfort.
  • Rapid heart rate.


It may be difficult to determine the cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, although there may be several factors that may cause the disease, including:

  • Some types of infection.
  • The last stages of pregnancy.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Iron overload in the heart and other organs (hemochromatosis).
  • Heart rhythm problems.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Obesity.
  • Heart valve disease such as mitral valve regurgitation or aortic valve.
  • Abuse of alcohol.
  • Exposure to toxins such as lead, mercury and cobalt.
  • Use of some cancer drugs.
  • Use of prohibited drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines.

Treatment or prevention:

Certain lifestyle practices can help prevent or reduce the complications of dilated cardiomyopathy, including:

  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Stay away from cocaine or any of the prohibited drugs.
  • Eat a healthy, low-salt diet.
  • Avoid staying up late and getting enough sleep.
  • Do regular exercise.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Controlling stress.