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In these ways, you can get rid of urinary tract infection and prevent it (uti)


 Urinary tract infection (uti)

It is a bacterial infection of the urinary system (urethra, bladder, ureter, kidney).

In these ways, you can get rid of urinary tract infection and prevent it (uti)
In these ways, you can get rid of urinary tract infection and prevent it (uti)

Women's risk of developing a urinary tract infection increases by 1 in 2 of them, and a large percentage of them recur for years.

As for men, the infection is lower compared to women, where about 1 in 10 men will be infected in their lifetime.

In this article, we will talk about urinary tract infection, its symptoms and treatment.

Urinary tract infection symptoms

  • Burning sensation when urinating.
  • The constant desire to urinate, despite the lack of urine that comes out.
  • foul-smelling urine.
  • Urine is dark or bloody in color.
  • Feeling tired and exhausted.
  • Lower back or abdominal pain.
  • Fever or chills (an indication that the infection has reached the kidneys).

Types of urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection can occur in different parts of the urinary system. Each type has a name:

  • Cystitis; It is the most common type, especially in women, and its symptoms are:

  1. Feeling the need to urinate a lot.
  2. Feeling of pain during urination
  3. Pain in the lower abdomen or back
  4. Cloudy or bloody urine.

  • nephritis; This type causes some symptoms, including:

  1. Nausea and vomiting.
  2. Fever and chills.
  3. Pain in the sides or upper back.

  • urethritis; This inflammation works on:

  1.  descent of secretions
  2.  And burning when urinating.

Causes of urine infection

Married women are more likely to contract urine infection through intercourse, and this is because their urinary tract is short, which encourages bacteria to enter the bladder.

The wrong method of cleaning practiced by some women after entering the bathroom, which is cleaning from the back to the front, Large intestine bacteria such as Escherichiasis move from the anus to the urethra, thus causing an infection.

Strokes or chronic diseases such as diabetes, which affect the immune system and weaken its ability to fight bacteria and germs.

Urinary tract infection treatment

Drink more water daily, equivalent to 10 glasses, to help expel bacteria from the urinary tract.

The doctor will prescribe strong painkillers to relieve the pain.

Conducting a urine examination to identify the type of infection caused by culture, and thus prescribe the appropriate antibiotic for the infection.

Be sure to take all the antibiotic tablets and adhere to the doctor's instructions, Even if you feel better, if you stop drinking the medicine in the middle of the treatment, the bacteria and the remaining numbers will not be completely eradicated, She will have the strength to fight the antibiotic and thus the infection will come back again.

Drink cranberry juice, which contains tannin, as it has been rumored to have the ability to prevent Escherichia bacteria from sticking to the bladder wall.

Urinary tract infection drug names

There are medicines that need to be taken within two or three days, medicines that need to be taken for a longer period of up to ten days, and medicines that need to be taken for a period of up to 14 days.

The doctor is the one who determines the type of antibiotic according to the type of infection, and here we will mention the names of the drugs for inflammation:

  • Cephalexin.
  • amoxicillin.
  • Fosfomycin.
  • Ciprofloxacin.
  • ceftriaxone.
  • levofloxacin.
  • nitrofurantoin.

Causes of recurrent urine infection

The infection is likely to recur several times, as 1 in 5 women have a urinary infection.

The cause of infection is different types of bacteria, although some of them may remain inside the cells and multiply and have the strength to resist antibiotics, Then they begin to break out and attack the urinary system again.

If you get a urine infection three or more times in one year, Then talk to your doctor to develop a treatment plan to help you solve the problem. Among the treatment options are the following:

  • A low dose of the antibiotic but taken for a longer period of time to ensure that the infection does not recur.
  • Eating one pill of the antiviral after intercourse is the most common reason.
  • Take the antibiotic for a short period of time, up to a day or two, when symptoms appear.

Treatment of inflammation of the urine and vagina

In addition to the previous treatments, there are several ways, when adhered to, that help treat inflammation and prevent it from happening again, which are:

  • Empty your bladder frequently as soon as you feel like urinating, making sure it is completely emptied.
  • When cleaning the area, be sure to clean it from front to back, not the other way around.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Avoid using fresheners and irritants to clean the genital area.
  • Clean the genital area before intercourse.
  • Going to the bathroom to empty the bladder after intercourse to expel bacteria if they enter the urinary tract.
  • Wearing underwear made of cotton and avoiding wearing tight clothes as much as possible, taking care to keep the genitals dry.

Read: Herbs to treat cystitis