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Diet for Crohn's Disease: Good Foods and No Foods


 Crohn's disease diet

In the previous article, we talked about Crohn's disease: what is it, what are the causes of its infection, what are its symptoms, who are the people who are likely to suffer from it, and ways to treat it, and does it affect married life and pregnancy?.

Diet for Crohn's Disease: Good Foods and No Foods
Diet for Crohn's Disease: Good Foods and No Foods

In today's article, we will discuss in detail about the ideal diet to follow and the appropriate types of diets for Crohn's patients that will help them relieve pain.

If you are a person with this disease, you are fully aware that there are some foods that stimulate and increase the rate of development of the disease and the appearance of symptoms clearly and quickly, Therefore, knowing the type of foods that you should avoid or increase of will greatly help you in controlling and preventing the disease, improving your digestive system in general and the health of your intestines in particular, and accelerating and facilitating your recovery from it.

Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that can certainly cause problems when it comes to choosing what to eat and drink, A case of inflammatory gastroenteritis not only causes painful symptoms, it can also cause long-term consequences and malnutrition, Your eating habits may complicate matters and exacerbate symptoms, and although there is no known, specific diet for this disease, However, eating some foods and also avoiding some of them may help curb this disease and reduce its symptoms.

 Food for Crohn's disease

1. grains:

Grains are common food items, and whole grains are often described as providing the most nutritional benefits because they are rich in fiber and nutrients, Specialized research suggests that a high-fiber diet may reduce your risk of IBD, but once you've been diagnosed and active, The fiber factor may be an issue, and depending on your individual symptoms, your doctor may recommend a low-fiber diet.

This means that you will have to limit the amount of grains you eat, and according to the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, People with Crohn's may benefit from a plan that recommends eating low-fiber foods that help manage small bowel contractions. This diet reduces intestinal irritation.

However, ongoing research questions the usefulness of low-fiber diets in managing Crohn's disease, After a 2015 study using a plant-based diet that included eggs, fish and dairy products, it showed elevated rates of disease progression over a two-year period.

In general, researchers reviewed other studies as well and concluded that plant-based diets may help reduce gut inflammation and improve overall health. The researchers reported that high fiber intake did not lead to symptoms or results.

Grains allowed to eat:

  • Rice and rice noodles.
  • oats.
  • Cornmeal and cornmeal porridge.
  • Gluten free bread.

2. Fruits and vegetables:

Fruits and vegetables have many health benefits, but they can cause problems for the same reason as whole grains: they are high in insoluble fiber.

Instead of completely avoiding fruits and vegetables, you can still reap some of their benefits by treating them differently. for example, Baking and steaming fruits and vegetables can make them more easily digestible, although this process can also remove some important nutrients, Especially water-soluble vitamins and enzymes, but you can talk to your doctor and dietitian about ways to prevent any deficiencies.

Fruits and vegetables you can try:

  • Apple juice.
  • Steamed or well-cooked vegetables.
  • peeled cucumber.
  • sweet spicy.
  • the banana.
  • melon.
  • Squash.
  • Pumpkin.

3. Protein and meat:

When it comes to Crohn's attacks, your protein choices should be based on fat content. Choosing low-fat proteins is the best option.

Types of protein you can eat:

  • egg.
  • fish.
  • oysters;
  • Peanut Butter.
  • White meat poultry.
  • Tofu and other soy products.

4. Dairy products:

While other people with Crohn's may be able to have a glass of milk here and there without any problems, others may not be allowed to do so with other dairy products.

Instead, try dairy alternatives, which are widely available in food stores and supermarkets.

Dairy products or dairy alternatives to try:

Dairy alternatives such as milk, yogurt, and cheese made from plants such as soybeans, coconut, almonds, flax or hemp, and low-fat fermented dairy products such as yogurt or kefir.

Foods to avoid for Crohn's disease

1. Grain:

If you have inflammatory bowel disease, eating too much fiber may be a problem.

Insoluble fiber, found in the skins of fruits and vegetables, seeds, dark leafy greens and whole wheat products, Passing through the digestive system intact, this may increase diarrhea and abdominal pain, however other substances in the grains may also be responsible, (GlutenTrusted Source) or fermentable carbohydrates such as FODMAPsTrusted S.

What pills should be avoided or limited:

  • barley.
  • Whole wheat bread.
  • Whole wheat pasta.
  • Rye and rye products.

2. Fruits and vegetables:

Given their many benefits, it is a shame to think that fruits and vegetables should be avoided by people with Crohn's, and the truth is that raw products also contain a lot of insoluble fiber.

You don't necessarily have to eliminate all fruits and vegetables from your diet, but some fruits and vegetables can be exceptionally tough on Crohn's digestive system, whether because of their fiber or FODMAP content.

What fruits and vegetables can be reduced?

  • apples.
  • Broccoli.
  • cabbage.
  • cauliflower.
  • artichoke.
  • cherry.
  • peach.
  • plum.

3. Protein and Meat:

Meats that are high in fat should be avoided, as they can irritate the digestive system.

What proteins should be avoided or reduced?

  • Red meat.
  • Sausage.
  • Dark meat poultry.

Dairy products .4:

People with Crohn's disease are advised to limit or completely avoid dairy products, because lactose intolerance tends to co-occur with inflammatory bowel disease.

Lactose, a type of milk sugar, can increase your risk of flatulence, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Foods that are high in fat, too, can be more difficult to digest.

Airy products to avoid:

  • butter.
  • cream.
  • Full-fat dairy products.
  • Ghee.

If you decide to indulge in dairy, be sure to choose low-fat products, limit your intake, and use enzyme products such as lactase or lactose-free products to help control any resulting seizures.

5. Drinks:

Given the nature of Crohn's disease, it's generally a good idea to drink more fluids. The best drink to suggest is plain water.

Water also provides the best form of hydration, dehydration is often a risk in cases of chronic diarrhea.

What drinks should be avoided or limited?

  • coffee.
  • black tea.
  • Soda.
  • Wine, liquor and beer.

Try this instead:

  • Ordinary water.
  • Sparkling water (if tolerated).
  • Caffeine-free herbal tea.

Caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, tea, and soda, increase diarrhea and alcohol can have the same effect. Soda and soda water aren't necessarily good choices either.

If you can't live without your daily caffeine sometimes, remember that moderation is key, try drinking water along with these drinks to reduce their potential harmful effects.

6. Spices:

Spicy foods can be an irritant for some and an aggravation of symptoms. As a general rule, you should avoid anything very spicy. On the other hand, turmeric (or curcumin), has been linked to reducing episodes of Crohn's disease.

What spices should be avoided or reduced?

  • black pepper.
  • Cayenne pepper.
  • Chili powder.
  • garlic.
  • Onions are white, yellow or purple.
  • sweet spicy.
  • wasabi.

Try these spices:

  • Urmerek.
  • Ginger.
  • Chives or green onions.
  • cumin.
  • lemon peel
  • Fresh herbs.
  • mustard.

Vitamins and Supplements

Food-related issues may warrant a look at vitamins and supplements. According to the Mayo Clinic, multivitamins may be one of the best options for Crohn's disease, These supplements can help prevent malnutrition caused by the small intestine's inability to properly absorb nutrients from the foods you eat.

Furthermore, if your diet is very limited due to seizures, a multivitamin with minerals may help fill in the lost nutrients, Calcium, for example, is another important supplement to consider, especially if you don't eat many dairy products.

While supplements can help, you should discuss these issues with your doctor and dietitian first to avoid the possibility of overdoses and drug interactions.

Diet may help prevent Crohn's attacks. However, foods and drinks tend to affect Crohn's patients differently. This means that some foods may trigger tantrums for some people and not others. In general, if you know that a particular food aggravates symptoms, you should take care to avoid it completely.

In general, if you know that a particular food aggravates symptoms, you should take care to avoid it completely, If you add it again at a later time and symptoms resume, it's best to avoid it as well. Smaller and more frequent meals can also reduce the functioning of the digestive system.

It is important to keep in mind that not only is it what you eat that can aggravate your symptoms, the way you cook and process your food can also make a difference, Fried and fatty foods are often considered a cause of gut irritation, so choose baked and grilled items instead. Fat digestion can make Crohn's disease difficult, worsening diarrhea and other symptoms.

Read: Symptoms of Crohn's Disease