أخبار ساخنة

Gastritis: causes, symptoms, types (A, B), diagnosis, and treatment




It is an irritation of the protective lining of the stomach that occurs suddenly and is severe or begins gradually and persists for a long period of time up to years if left untreated.

Gastritis: causes, symptoms, types (A, B), diagnosis, and treatment
Gastritis: causes, symptoms, types (A, B), diagnosis, and treatment

Erosive gastritis is less common than acute gastritis and usually does not cause much pain, although there are people who have had stomach ulcers and bleeding.

Causes of gastritis

  • The weakening of the stomach lining and its paper, which makes it more susceptible to infections.
  • Infection with stomach germs that is transmitted from food or drink, or even from one person to another.
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol.
  • Take some anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin.
  • Aging, because the older a person gets, the more the stomach lining naturally weakens.
  • Smoking a lot.
  • Gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohn's disease.
  • Exposure to a viral infection.
  • Bile reflux from the liver and gallbladder to the stomach.
  • You must adhere to the follow-up treatment so that the problem does not develop and stomach cancer occurs.

Symptoms of gastritis

  • nausea.
  •  Collywobbles.
  •  flatulence.
  •  vomiting.
  •  Vomiting blood or black color.
  •  Feeling of burning between meals or when sleeping.
  •  upset stomach.
  •  black stools.

Types of gastritis

Erosive gastritis

It is the presence of ulcers in the stomach wall, remains on the surface of the stomach and does not penetrate the muscles.

Causes of erosive gastritis

  • Alcohol.
  •  Psychological state. 
  • Anti-steroidal medications. 
  • exposure to radiation. 
  • Decreased blood flow to the stomach lining. 
  • Portal vein dysfunction, which is common in patients with chronic liver disease.

Chronic (non-erosive) gastritis

It is changes that occur in the lining of the stomach. The problem of non-erosive inflammation appears, after a biopsy is taken from the mucus membranes in the stomach. 

This infection occurs as a result of infection with H. pylori for a long period of time, resulting in atrophy of the mucous glands that secrete acid.

acute gastritis

This inflammation occurs very quickly as a result of several diseases, as it affects the mucous tissues on the surface of the stomach. This inflammation is more dangerous, and if it is not treated, it will become chronic inflammation and increase the risk of stomach ulcers.

gastritis type A

This inflammation occurs at the bottom of the stomach, as it affects the glands that secrete acid, and thus the loss of stomach acid, which leads to anemia, and malabsorption of vitamin B12.

gastritis type B

This is the most common type of chronic gastritis, which occurs as a result of infection with H. pylori. If it is not treated quickly, then the glands that secrete acid will atrophy, and this is called atrophic gastritis.

gastritis diagnosis

When visiting the attending physician at first, he asks the patient about his medical history and whether he has used one of the antibiotic drugs and detects it clinically, after which he is asked to perform several tests and examinations, which are:

  1. Blood tests; This is to check the number of red blood cells to see if you suffer from anemia, and also to make sure if you are infected with the stomach germ.
  2. stool examination; This examination is performed to ensure the presence of blood in the stool, and if it is present, it is evidence of gastritis.
  3. gastroscopy; This is done by inserting a thin tube from the mouth to the bottom of the stomach to see its wall and to confirm the presence of inflammation. Sometimes the doctor may take a biopsy (which is to cut a small piece of tissue for laboratory examination).

Treating gastritis permanently

  1. Avoid hot and spicy foods.
  2. Avoid irritating foods such as gluten in wheat and lactose in dairy products.
  3. If the cause of the infection is severe anemia, the doctor will prescribe vitamin B12 for you.
  4. In the event that there is a germ in the stomach, then the doctor sets a treatment plan, which includes several anti-drugs such as amoxicillin,  
  5. With medicine to get rid of heartburn.
  6. Prescribe antacid medication such as omeprazole, and other medications to reduce stomach acid.
  7. Once the cause of gastritis is known and treatment is started, the symptoms will begin to fade immediately, but treatment must be continued to ensure final recovery.

Foods that help treat gastritis

  1. Food that contains a large proportion of fiber (vegetables, whole grains, fruits). 
  2. Low-fat foods such as fish, chicken, and nuts.
  3. Foods rich in antioxidants such as apples and berries.
  4.  Foods rich in probiotics such as sauerkraut.
  5. Focus on foods with low acidity, such as green vegetables. 
  6. Stay away from foods that are high in acidity, such as tomatoes and lemons.
  7. Avoid fried foods and spicy foods.
  8. Eat raw garlic by swallowing it or crushing it and mixing it with a spoonful of peanuts and then eating it.
  9. Divide your meals into several periods of the day and keep the quantity less so as not to tire your stomach.

Drinks that help treat gastritis

  • Chamomile.
  •  Licorice.
  •  mint.
  •  ginger.
  • turmeric.
  •  cinnamon.
  • Green tea.

Avoid the following drinks

  • coffee. 
  • grapefruit.
  • Lemonade.
  • Soft drinks.
  • Orange juice and other citrus fruits.