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Sinusitis: types, causes, symptoms, treatment and surgeries

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Sinusitis is swelling or enlargement of the lining tissues inside the sinuses, usually this place is filled with air, but when a blockage occurs inside them with the presence of fluid, this increases the chance of germs growth and infection.

Sinusitis: types, causes, symptoms, treatment and surgeries
Sinusitis: types, causes, symptoms, treatment and surgeries


 These fluids and blockages are present as a result of several reasons, including: cold or cold, Sensitivity and swelling within the lining of the nose, and the presence of polyps or what is known as polyps, also in the event of a crookedness in the nasal septal cavity.


Many people suffer from this disease, each according to its type, we will mention to you the types of sinusitis and what distinguishes each type from the other to know which type of them you have:

  • Chronic type: Symptoms persist for more than 12 weeks.
  • Recurrent type: It occurs several times a year.
  • Moderate or subacute type: This type lasts from 4 to 12 weeks.
  • Acute type: This type begins with symptoms similar to a cold, such as a stuffy nose, runny mucus, and pain in the face; Sometimes it occurs suddenly and lasts from 2 to 4 weeks.

Factors that lead to the occurrence of sinusitis

1. First for adults:
  • Smoking and transmission of infection, and this is one of the most things that increase the chance of this disease.
  • Colds and blockage of the nasal ducts, which causes swelling in the nose and thus increases the incidence of sinusitis.
  • Polyps.
  • The structural shape of the nose is sometimes narrow.
  • Taking some medications that affect the immune system and reduce it.

 2. Second, for children:

  • allergy; Such as spring or seasonal allergies, cat hair allergy, food allergy such as peanuts or milk
  • Transmission of infection from other children, whether from nursery school or school.
  • divinities.
  • Inhalation of smoke from the surrounding environment, if one of the parents is a smoker.

Sinusitis symptoms

  • For acute inflammation, a person may have two or more of these symptoms:
  1. Thick green or yellow nasal discharge.
  2. Facial pain or pressure.
  3. Smell and taste gone.
  4. Cough.
  5. teeth pain.
  6. Bad breath.
  7. Fever and exhaustion in the body.
  8. nasal congestion.
  • As for the symptoms of chronic inflammation, they last for more than 12 weeks, and their symptoms include the following:
  1. headache.
  2. Bad breath.
  3. Blockage and runny nose at the same time.
  4. Facial congestion and swelling.
  5. Toothache.
  6. Fatigue and exhaustion.
  7. High temperature.

Sinusitis treatment

There are several ways to treat sinusitis. If you suffer from it to a mild degree, the doctor will prescribe a nasal spray, which is a lotion used to remove congestion by opening the channels and narrowing the capillaries, in order to facilitate the breathing process, and despite its ability to relieve symptoms, you should not use it more than three days so as not to increase the congestion.

In the case of chronic inflammation, inhaling warm air will help relieve pain, by heating water to a reasonable degree (making sure it is not boiled too much) and inhaling its steam. In addition, you can follow these methods that have a role in relieving symptoms significantly:

  • Put warm compresses on the face.
  • Use nasal saline drops (you can prepare yourself at home, as it is safe and does not harm).
  • It's okay to use a sinus spray for three days, as this type of medication does not require a prescription.
  • The doctor will prescribe painkillers and antibiotics, you need 10 to 14 days to take it, and then the symptoms will disappear.

The best sinus treatment

  • Avoid smoking at all, and do not mix with smokers as much as possible.
  • Keep your hands clean, wash them frequently, especially in the cold season, and avoid touching your face.
  • Avoid things that cause you to be allergic, such as animals or foods.
  • If you suffer from persistent allergies, your doctor will prescribe a histamine antibiotic.
  • If you have a fungus problem, your doctor will prescribe an antifungal medication.
  • You will need a globulin medication to boost your immune system, to fight off inflammatory agents.

sinus surgery

If the previous methods and sprays did not succeed in treating the sinuses and the patient did not respond to antibiotics, the doctor will resort to a nose operation, during which he removes the infected tissues that obstruct the movement of exhalation and inhalation, and helps in the passage of nasal mucus, which in turn prevents the entry of foreign bodies in the air.

There are three types of operation, and the appropriate type is selected for the patient according to his problem:

  1. Functional endoscopy: This is the most widely used method, during which an endoscope containing thin and lighted lenses is inserted that is connected to a screen that enables the doctor to see the affected bones and tissues and remove them, in order to widen the channels to allow mucus regeneration. This process is characterized by being less harmful and has a short recovery period, and is carried out through both nostrils together without pain and can be repeated as often as needed.
  2. The operation using accurate images: The attending physician takes a very accurate picture of the patient from the pain area before the operation, to be looked at during the operation to help the doctor reach the exact location of the pain and facilitate the removal of tissues without errors, and repair the damages of previous operations, if any.
  3. Caldwell Lock operation: This operation is very rare, and the doctor is forced to perform it in the event of an abnormal growth in the internal cavity, in order to make a way that enables the passage of secretions to the outside. After that, the patient suffers from pain, tightness, and sometimes bleeding, so the doctor puts a wick inside the nose to stop the bleeding. The recovery period varies from person to person according to age and health status, so it is advised to adhere to the doctor’s instructions and to drink antibiotics and painkillers.

Performing these operations for children should be when necessary and preferably not, and consult more than one doctor when necessary. 


Sometimes operations are not the final solution to the pain, so it is preferable to continue taking medications to ensure that the infection does not return again.




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